Do you think that diabetes insipidus is related to diabetes mellitus? It is not totally wrong to think so, however, they are different. While diabetes mellitus is recognized to be the deadly disease, diabetes insipidus is less harmful. This kind of disease is defined as an uncommon disorder causing fluids imbalance in the body. This imbalance causes the sufferers thirsty although something has been taken for drinking, leading you to produce a large amount of urine.
Although the terms of “diabetes insipidus” and “diabetes mellitus” likely sounds similar, they are different. They are related to each other. The symptoms may be quite similar but the causes may not. Perhaps, you have already known that diabetes mellitus is caused by the less insulin produced in the body, causing the sufferer high blood glucose level. On the other hand, diabetes insipidus is much affected by the kidney’s performance toward the urine. Thus, I say that these diabetes are completely different.
Recognized as an uncommon disorder, this disease occurs more in men at any age than in women. To find further information about it, you may simply refer to the following review so that you will not only know diabetes mellitus but also the insipidus one including the types, symptoms, causes, complications, treatment or medication as well as prevention.
There are typically two main types of diabetes insipidus you can check out in this review. Those are cranial diabetes insipidus and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Both of them are dealing with the AVP availability for urine production regulation.
Cranial Diabetes Insipidus
The first type of diabetes insipidus is cranial which occurs when there is not sufficient AVP in the body to regulate the urine production. It is the most common type happens around the world. The main cause of cranial diabetes insipidus is the damage of hypothalamus or pituitary gland after an injury because of operation, brain tumor and infections. There is no exact reason why hypothalamus is not able to provide enough AVP in the body. Thus, if you have ever experienced an operation, infections or brain tumor, you will have a risk of suffering cranial diabetes insipidus.
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
The second type of diabetes insipidus is the nephrogenic. It is in the opposite of cranial. Nephrogenic occurs when there is sufficient AVP in the body but the kidney doesn’t respond to it. It is predicted that the main cause of nephrogenic is the kidney damage. If you have a problem with your kidney, then you may be developing nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.